At Switcheo, we focus on empowering the future of finance by supporting the creation of sustainable and value-added products that help users from all over the world improve their finances.

One of the biggest use cases in finance is lending and borrowing - worth trillions of dollars. This is why Carbon is starting a money market where people can lend or borrow against their idle assets to make them more useful.

With the launch of Nitron - Carbon's money market, it allows for permissionless lending and borrowing of assets from Cosmos to Ethereum and beyond. With this launch, Carbon is getting closer to being an all-in-one hub for DeFi that lets users enjoy everything it has to offer.

But there can't be a fully decentralized economy without a decentralized stablecoin. That's why we're also launching the Carbon stablecoin at the same time.

This article will explore what the Carbon stablecoin is and how it will add value and utility to SWTH token holders and stakers.

What is Carbon stablecoin?

In the spirit of decentralization, the Carbon stablecoin will be a native Cosmos stablecoin that is overcollateralized and permissionless. It will be soft-pegged to the USD and run by SWTH holders alone.

What backs the value of the Carbon stablecoin?

To maintain the USD peg for our Carbon stablecoin, it will start off by being backed by blue-chip collaterals with deep liquidity, before phasing in other assets such as liquid staked derivatives and other niche tokens through governance votes.

As we are EVM-enabled, blue chip assets such as WBTC, ETH, USDC will be whitelisted on day one.

And because we are also a Cosmos appchain, we will whitelist the deepest liquidity assets on Cosmos such as ATOM and OSMO.

But we are not stopping there, with the rise of liquid staked derivative tokens, liquid staked versions of PoS tokens such as liquid staked ETH, ATOM, etc will also be included, allowing users to borrow against value-accruing assets, and will be the basis of a self-repaying loans feature in the future.

Why are you accepting USDC as collateral?

The reason why USDC is enabled as collateral despite Carbon stablecoin aiming to be a decentralized stablecoin is because many users hold USDC and would want to have the most flexibility on how they use the Carbon money market, including depositing USDC as collateral and borrowing other assets as well.

Because Carbon is truly permissionless, the Carbon community can always hold a governance vote proposal to remove USDC or other assets as collateral if there is enough support.

What is the Carbon stablecoin for?

The carbon stablecoin will have a growing list of features, but the initial phases will focus on the following utilities:

  1. Minting of Carbon stablecoin has a low interest rate, likely lower than other stablecoins, allowing users to borrow against their capital in a cost-effective way
  2. Carbon stablecoin will have a amplified pool with other stablecoins that allow liquidity providers to earn trading fees and SWTH incentives
  3. Anyone can arbitrage Carbon stablecoin for risk-free profits when the price is away from its $1 peg
  4. Carbon stablecoin will be enabled as margin to be used for trading perps
  5. Users can also supply Carbon stablecoin to borrowers at the prevailing market rate, potentially earning yield on Carbon stablecoin
  6. More liquidity pools can pair with Carbon stablecoin which is a simpler denominator and make LPing easier to manage, boosting TVL
  7. As more currencies go on the blockchain, we will create forex pairs that are paired with our Carbon stablecoins as well
  8. Future features such as delta-neutral vaults or auto-compounding vaults may only accept Carbon stablecoin to increase intrinsic utility

How do you mint the Carbon stablecoin?

Users would stake whitelisted collaterals to mint our carbon stablecoin, and they would be able to redeem their collateral by burning carbon stablecoin.

The Carbon stablecoin value will be backed by the collateral in an overcollateralized manner, meaning that the total value of collateral used will be more than the total value of the Carbon stablecoin minted, maintaining its value and soft pegging it to the USD.

Each collateral will have their own maximum LTV and liquidation threshhold for minting the Carbon stablecoin.

If the value of the user's collateral drops too much, it would be up for liquidation on our liquidation engine which also has a public frontend interface. This allows anyone to participate in liquidations, democratizing liquidations and making them available to a broader user base rather than just bots.

What are the parameters for the Carbon stablecoin?

The initial parameters for the Carbon stablecoin, such as minting fee, interest rate, and liquidation fee, will be very affordable for users to mint.

Later, when the money market and stablecoin are more established, these parameters can be changed through a governance vote.

Initial parameters:

  • 0% minting fee
  • 0.5% fixed interest rate
  • 1% liquidation fee
  • 0% liquidated collateral withdrawal fee
  • A supply cap of 1 million

How does Carbon stablecoin increase the utility of SWTH?

Governance and bribes

All decisions relating to the Carbon stablecoin will be in the hands of the SWTH community. This means that staked SWTH holders will have voting rights that determine how much Carbon stablecoin can be borrowed in all of the various money market pools, including isolated and efficiency pools, etc.

Other protocols who want to increase the utility of their collateral by allowing it to be borrowed against, can buy up SWTH to have more voting power to whitelist their collateral or increase the Carbon stablecoin cap that can be supplied for their isolated pool. We will share some examples of bribing below.

More discounts to SWTH stakers:

There can be a tiered discount system where the more staked SWTH a user has, the more discount the user receives on minting Carbon stablecoin. This can be up to a certain quantity, i.e. if a user has $1000 worth of SWTH, it allows the user to mint $1000 Carbon stablecoin at a discounted interest rate (numbers are just a crude example).

These figures can be adjusted via governance as well. Other protocols can also buy up SWTH to make a governance proposal and vote for their collateral to get a lower interest rate on minting Carbon stablecoin.

More revenue to SWTH stakers:

Part of all revenue generated by the stablecoin will be sent to the SWTH stakers, generating revenue for the community and bolstering the SWTH treasury for funding future products.

An overcollateralized stablecoin will also bring a lot more transactions to the network because of arbitrage, liquidations, and other activities. This will increase the rewards and APR for SWTH stakers.

In the future, there can be more money market and liquidity pools that utilize the Carbon stablecoin, such as minting against real-world assets, delta neutral vaults that only accept Carbon stablecoin, treasury-backed lending of Carbon stablecoin, etc, which will generate more revenue to SWTH stakers.

All of these will have different parameters that will be determined by SWTH governance as well, which may incentivize other protocols or users to buy SWTH to change the parameters to their benefit.

Conclusion

Although the crypto is in a bear market right now and the collapse of FTX is sending ripples through the crypto ecosystem, we are firm believers that this creates a tailwind for DeFi hubs such as Carbon that aim to offer better features than centralized exchanges without compromising on user's security.

Stablecoins are one of the key pillars in any ecosystem and have one of the strongest proven use cases. This is why we believe that the introduction of the Carbon stablecoin will be another huge milestone for the Carbon ecosystem and will add more utility to SWTH stakers, as we build towards being the best DeFi ecosystem across the cryptoverse.